The ECOSOC issues for AISMUN 2019 are:
Issue #1:Helping LEDCs transition from MDGs to SDGs.
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight goals that all 191 UN member states have agreed to attempt to achieve by the year 2015 and were primarily focused on helping end poverty and malnutrition and health in most countries. By the end of 2015, given MDGs' ubiquitous presence and success, the UN Development Program created Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which constituted seventeen global goals. However, some LEDCs have struggled in the arduous transition from MDGs to SDGs, which is understandable given that some countries might not have the capabilities to do so. Therefore, it is proposed that some MEDCs are allocated one or two LEDCs to manage and help their transition. Consequently, MEDCs will have more resources and will be able to transition to SDGs faster. In addition, a security system would be implemented to protect LEDCs from the idea that this would be granting MEDCs more power and control over them.
Issue #2:Rights of people with disabilities.
This topic discusses how the forum could start to promote the rights of persons with disabilities and strengthening the mainstreaming of disability in the post-2015 development agenda. Furthermore, this topic refers to how people with disabilities could begin to be integrated into society more efficiently and effectively, as well as more often. In some MEDCs and most LEDCs, it is extremely rare to find people with disabilities, whether it be physical or mentally, being integrated into the same environments as others. Given that other countries have been successful in doing so, it is extremely possible; however, the underlying problem resides with the capability of doing so, given the care that these people need and resources that are required - professionals with experience in this field, constant access to any medical equipment or medium of transportation, and so on. If implemented, this will grant these disabilized people more rights and will help promote equality in a developing world.
Issue #3: United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons.
This issue will be with reference to the implementation of the United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons, which is a human trafficking action plan adopted by the United Nations in July 2010. Overpopulation is a problem facing tens, maybe even hundreds, of countries in the world and has been an ongoing complication for the world, as a whole, for decades. In the forum, we will be discussing whether or not it would be effective to implement the UN's Global Plan; if not, what are some other plans of action that could be proposed to help end this global issue.