The General Assembly issues of AISMUN 2020 are:
Issue #1: Establishing methods in order to combat Oil Piracy in the Niger delta
There is a battle raging in Nigeria over the control of oil. This is mainly because of local militant groups that steal oil. These groups attack pipelines and infrastructure as well as oil producing facilities which caused the shut down of oil terminals and a fall in Nigeria’s oil production to the lowest level that it has been for the past twenty years. This piracy is significantly affecting both the environment and economy. This slows down the UN’s plan of achieving sustainability by 2030. Therefore, the General assembly will figure out the best solutions in order to combat this rising issue.
Issue #2: Developing methods in order to solve territorial disputes in Crimea
Crimea is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov. Crimea is considered to be an integral part of Ukraine ever since 1954. In March of 2014, the Russian Federation annexed the peninsula by sending thousands of Russian troops in order to “ensure that there are proper conditions for the people of Crimea”. Ukraine claimed that this was a war crime, and the European Union said that it was a gross violation of International law. Therefore, as the General Assembly, delegates should strive to resolve these territorial disputes.
Issue #3: The issue of eradicating secret Immigration detention centers in Thailand
Thailand has a population of 69.04 million people, 102,500 of which are refugees, and 56,000 are children. Thailand is not signatory to the refugee convention established in 1951 and does not have an asylum framework incorporated in its domestic law. Therefore, these refugees are treated as illegal immigrants and are constantly put in detention camps. These detention camps have been described as ‘inhumane’ and ‘the most terrifying places in south east Asia’. The refugees are mainly from Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Sri Lanka and Pakistan. The General Assembly will establish a resolution that aims at eradicating this issue as it is inhumane and contradicts the UN’s aim of providing peace and prosperity for people around the world.