The General Assembly issues of AISMUN 2019 are:
Issue #1: The question of incentivising UN member states to accepting refugees.
In 2017, the European commision filed a legal case against Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic for refusing to take in refugees The governments in Poland and Hungary have refused to take in anyone under a plan agreed by a majority of EU leaders in 2015 to relocate migrants from frontline states Italy and Greece to help ease their burden. This is similar to a situation involving the United States, who have recently taken steps to limit the amount of refugees from many countries that can enter the country, from nations such as Syria and Yemen. This brings into question whether or not the UN should take similar action to ensure that member states are incentivised to accepting refugees.
Issue #2: The banning or limiting of international coal trade as a measure against global warming.
In the last 50 years, the rate of temperature increase has doubled over time. This in turn has caused the international community as a whole to take notice as to how the consumption of resources affects climate change. Some countries have even taken steps to ban certain polluting resources, and many have focused on coal. In 2016, Canada outlined a plan to completely phase out the usage of coal as an energy source by 2030, followed by France who announced plans to phase coal out completely in 2023. Germany plans to phase out half its coal usage by 2030, and Finland announced plans to lawfully ban the production of coal for energy production. Countries moving to limit or ban coal production in order to reduce climate change and global warming brings into question whether other countries should also move in this direction in order to reduce their harmful emissions.
Issue #3: Eliminating sex trafficking as a result of the increase of poverty in Venezuela.
Throughout the past 8 years, Venezuela’s economy has been constantly declining. This has lead to the increase of poverty in the country. As a result, people have turned to human trafficking, more precisely commercial sex. Year by year, the issue has been getting worse as women and children have been rounded up through fake job offers that lead to forced conditions of labor exploitation.