Resolutions are the basic decisions or statements of the United Nations. Together with amendments, they are the basis of substantive debate as well as negotiations. Although resolutions are prepared by individual nations or groups of nations, once passed they declare the official policy of the UN organ to which they were submitted and become its property.
Resolutions may be either general statements or directions for specific organizations, UN bodies, or states. They can criticize actions of states, call for collective actions, or, in the case of the Security Council, require economic or military sanctions.When writing resolutions, it is important to keep in mind the specific capabilities of the organ being simulated. The General Assembly, its committees, and all bodies may only call for or suggest actions. It should be noted that no body other than the Security Council may require action or sanctions from member states.
Each resolution is a single sentence, with the different sections separated by semicolons and commas. The subject of the sentence is the organ making the statement, such as the General Assembly, Economic and Social Council, and the Security Council.The remainder of the resolution is divided into two parts: Preambulatory clauses and Operative clauses.
Definition of Terms used in a Resolution:
Preambulatory clauses are the justifications for actions. They usually begin with present participles such as noting or taking into consideration and denote Charter authorizations for actions, past resolutions precedent, and statements about the particular purposes for the action. Operative clauses are the policy portion of the resolution. Each operative clause starts with a verb, and, taken as a whole, deals thoroughly and logically with one idea. In no case should a clause be a collection of unrelated thoughts or statements on a broad topic; each clause should deal with only one aspect of the problem.
Proper Resolution Format
A resolution is basically a single sentence that begins with the organ, topic, and subject matter. The rest of the sentence is made up of preambulatory and operative clauses. Clarity and pricision are vital, and special attention should be paid to details such as punctuation, capitalization, grammar, and format. The proper format for a resolution is as follows:
Resolution Writing Tips
- -Name the organ, the topic, and the submitter.
- -Begin all clauses with appropriate initiating phrases (see list).
- -End each preambulatory clause with a comma and every operative clause with a semicolon.
- -Number each line in the margin and number each operative clause.
- -Skip a line after each clause.
- -End the final operative clause with a period.
Keep your resolution consistent with your country's foreign policy.
Be specific; define vague terms.
If possible, avoid singling out individual countries or regions for blame.
Well-written resolutions should demonstrate the following:
- Familiarity with the problem being addressed
- Clarity of the issue
- Proper format
- Correct English grammar, vocabulary, and punctuation
Resolution Introductory Phrases Preambulatory Phrases: Affirming
Bearing in mind
Expressing its appreciation
Expressing its satisfaction
Having considered further
Having devoted attention
Keeping in mind
Noting with regret
Noting with satisfaction
Noting with deep concern
Noting with approval
Taking into account
Taking into consideration
Viewing with appreciation
Operative Phrases: Accepts
Draws the attention
Expresses its appreciation
Expresses its hope
Takes note of