The Security Council issues for AISMUN 2020 are:
Issue #1: Combatting the Current Humanitarian Crisis in Syria in Relation to the increase in numbers of Refugees.
The Syrian Civil War started in 2011 and remains an issue until this day. Because of the violent attacks against Syrians in their own nation, more than 12 million people have been killed or forced to flee their homes. This results in an emergent need of humanitarian assistance as these refugees seek new homes in order to escape the devastative war in their country. Moreover, many governments and armed groups remain in Syria since several political solutions have been deemed unhelpful. The issue has also seemingly intensified and situations were worsened as the United States drew back its troops from Syria leaving the state to handle its political crisis alongside Turkey and the Russian Federation.
Issue #2: Terrorism and Religious Extremist Measures Against Muslims in Relation to the Uprisal of Internment Camps in China.
In 2017, reports discovered the existence of internment camps for Muslims in Xinjiang. The Uyghurs, also known as, the ethnic minority and Turkic people in Central and East who reside in Xinjiang. These camps are also known as “hidden camps” because the state denies that they lock up these Muslims without denial although research and evidence oppose the government’s claim. Additionally, these camps are being referred to as re-education camps as one of Xinjiang's residence claimed that, “There are tens of thousands of people [at the ‘re-education school’]... They have some problems with their thoughts.” Moreover, over the past years, Xinjiang has taken restrictive and comprehensive security measures and has deployed them against its own people as existence harsh and legal penalties curtail Islamic identity and Islamic practices.
Issue #3: Increased Crime and Corruption Resulting in Poverty, Unemployment, and Inequality in South Africa.
President Cyril Ramaphosa has announced a special commission to investigate corruption in South Africa by conducting strictical laws, but South Africa’s Minister, Minister Bheki Cele does not take action against these crimes in the state. Moreover, drugs are sold freely in the region and police officers continue to neglect this issue. The weak legislations do not take any actions against these crimes and corruptive government officials continue to overlook the corruption. As a result, South Africans continue to live in hostility since unemployment is on the rise. Citizens continue to live in poor conditions due to the rise of inequality and the neglecting of security hazards.