Junior General Assembly
The Junior General Assembly issues for AISMUN 2020 are:
Issue #1: The political and economic impact of the influx of asylum seekers and victims of forced migration on host countries.
The world is facing the highest levels of displacement on record. Those seeking refuge are fleeing their countries due to fear of persecution and armed conflicts. According to the UNHCR, approximately 68.5 million people are forced from their homes each year. These acts occur in countries such as Afghanistan, Iran, Sri Lanka, and South Sudan. Forced to flee and pushed onto dangerous travel routes, victims of forced migrations are seeking asylum in predominantly in developed countries including many European states, the United Kingdom, and the United states. The political and economic effects said asylum seekers have on their host countries is not to be neglected.
Issue #2: The questions of the deterioration of women’s rights in Afghanistan
As of late, Afghanistan's economy has been on the rise for the past decade; however, there are certain socioeconomic factors that still need some improvement. One of the main factors is women’s rights. UN statistics demonstrate that 60 percent of all marriages are forced, with most of the women being under the age of 16. Moreover, only 15 percent of women are literate compared to the 49 percent of men. On paper, men and women have equal rights; however, in reality these laws are not implemented fairly. A solution must be found to better enforce these laws or guarantee that all citizens, regardless of gender, are treated equal.
Issue #3: The effect of rising sea levels as a result of climate change on Japan.
In September of 2016, the UN had a conference with 175 member states signing the Paris agreement on climate change and beginning the long quest to raise awareness about the effect of climate change on states around the world. Japan, a state facing the repercussions of global warming, consists of 6,852 islands in the Pacific Ocean. As a result of global warming, Japan is facing an increase in sea levels. In 2018, sea levels increased by 44 mm, which is the highest it has been since 1960. Due to the rise of sea levels these islands are likely to flood, potentially causing over 18 million people to lose their homes and perhaps even their lives.