Junior General Assembly B
The Junior General Assembly B issues for AISMUN 2023 are:
Issue #1: Child soldiers in Congo.
Child soldiers is an issue that is present all around the world originating from Charles Taylor in Liberia and Sierra Leone. Children are forced to fight and exercise activities such as using weapons and having sexual interactions. This issue is important to be debated because child soldiery is a type of human trafficking used by many countries, specifically in Africa today. Children as young as 8 years old are being recruited for wars and other purposes including sexual exploitation. This issue is important because it represents the violation of these children’s human rights and hence must be raised awareness upon and taken into consideration. These children that are being exploited are driven by poverty or other circumstances which they cannot control, harming their mental and physical health.
Issue #2: The Kafala System in the Middle East.
Elaboration: The kafala system is a system that defines the relationship between migrant worker and employer. It is a system used in Jordan, Lebanon and all Gulf Countries. It began during the period of economic growth, where mass immigration of workers was supplied cheaply and plentifully. Although it is said to benefit local economies and supply employment it remains heavily controversial. There is a lack of regulations and moderation to the treatment of workers under the kafala system which makes their right not be recognized. This has become more recognized and controversial with the 2022 qatar world cup where discussion around the treatment of kafala workers has started to rise.
Issue #3: The Conflict between Rwanda and Congo
Elaboration: Conflict between Congo and Rwanda rises when Congo claims that Rwanda is backing up rebel groups in Congo, taking over several towns. Rwanda also accused Congo of working with the Hutu group that was a major part of the Rwandan genocide. This conflict continues to break out and both Rwanda and Congo have been firing weapons on one another’s territories.