Junior General Assembly
The Junior General Assembly issues for AISMUN 2018 are:
Issue #1: Preventing the acquisition by terrorists of hazardous radioactive materials.
Terrorist groups are continuously increasing in number especially in the past few decades, which has resulted to the increase of the use of radioactive materials. These radioactive materials are used in the form of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Although these radioactive materials are capable of mass destruction and hence devastation, they are still falling into the destructive hands of terrorists, thus empowering them to perform nuclear attacks, leaving many dead, injured, or a victim another form (widowed or orphaned). Major terrorist organizations, such as al-Qaeda and ISIS, in possession of sufficient finance and resources, allowing them to acquire radioactive materials, are a massive threat to many countries. EU and NATO chiefs announced in April 2016 that ISIS was planning to carry out nuclear attacks on the UK and Europe. There are multiple methods used by terrorist organizations to acquire radioactive materials. One method is through the black market, and another method is by recruiting nuclear scientists to build explosive devices for them. Regardless of the method used, the end-results have been the same, from minor environmental damage to the death and serious injury of many. The possession of nuclear weapons is a great threat to humanity as nuclear terrorism continues to rise, negatively influencing individuals and threatening nations.
Issue #2: Measures to limit the misuse of the internet for cyber-terrorism.
Cyberterrorism is typically defined as the use of the Internet as a method through which to launch an attack. The Internet has become a strategic device for terrorists and accomplishing their purpose. The Internet has helped terrorist organizations in many ways: publicity; identifying, recruiting, and training new members; collecting and transferring funds; hacking security systems through computer viruses; facilitating tradecraft; and organizing terrorist acts and cyber-attacks. As the issue seems to be an easy fix, in the sense that the government may limit terrorist Internet use, attempts to regulate social media interferes with the right to freedom of expression. Regulations must balance both free speech and the public interest in restricting terrorist activity. Therefore because terrorism falls into one of the exceptions to the general right to freedom of speech, the U.N. has recognized that terrorists' social media use is an issue that requires addressing.
Issue #3: Restricting the illicit trade in arms and weapons in all its aspect.
Since there is a close relationship between weapons, violence, and destruction, arms cannot be treated simply like commercial goods. Unfortunately, however, it is impossible to ban all kinds of small arms and light weapons. In a world full of evil, the possession of arms and weapons is considered to be a right of legitimate defence. This right can become a serious duty for those who are responsible for the lives of others, such as guardians in possession of weapons for the purpose of protecting their enfants in case of a house crime. This right alone can justify the possession or transfer of arms. Having said this, it is difficult to differentiate the right to have weapons for protection and the possession of weapons as an illicit arm, possibly used for terrorist purposes. Hence, illicit trade in arms and weapons has uncontrollably spread causing major human suffering. Hundreds and thousands of people are being killed every year by such weapons and majority of these victims of violent crime and terrorism thus calling for political action. Hence, the 2001 Programme of Action to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects (PoA) was adopted by governments on 20 July 2001 in order to improve national small arms laws, and import and export controls. In addition, in 2005 they also adopted the International Tracing Instrument (ITI), which requires States to ensure that weapons are properly marked and that records are kept.The illicit trade in arms and weapons still remains a conflict as it fuels terrorism and crime. The illicit trade in arms and weapons therefore constitutes a major security concern for countries.